If you have been diagnosed with diabetes, your doctor would have no doubt prescribed the lifestyle changes you would need to do, the diet and exercise necessary and other steps you should take to keep it under check. Along with this, you should also be aware of certain eye diseases that diabetics are particularly susceptible to. In the next couple of chapters, we try to support and inform all of our readers and customers how to prevent eye diseases in case you are diabetic.
Diabetes is one of the leading causes of blindness. In fact many people are not even aware that they are suffering from diabetes until they start experiencing problems with their vision. In diabetics, the high levels of blood sugar can cause the lens of the eye to swell, leading to problems with eyesight. These are the major eye diseases that you need to be aware of:
- Diabetes increases the risk of developing cataracts and glaucoma
- It may cause temporary blurring of vision
- In extreme cases it can lead to permanent loss of vision
Apart from blindness, the most serious eye condition associated with diabetes is Diabetic Retinopathy. Diabetes affects the tiny blood vessels in the eye, which may bulge and leak blood or fluid. If these vessels become blocked, it may result in haemorrhages over the surface of the retina, leading to blurred vision or even loss of sight. In the early stages diabetic retinopathy can be managed by laser treatment which prevents bleeding and growth of new blood vessels.
There are several steps you can take to reduce your risk of developing diabetic retinopathy or other eye diseases:
- Control your blood sugar levels, through diet and medicines as prescribed by your doctor
- Maintain your blood pressure as advised by your doctor
- Quit smoking
- Drink plenty of (non-sugary) fluids
- Keep fit and maintain a healthy weight by following a diet and exercise routine (consult your doctor before you take up any strenuous exercise)
- Get a retinal screening done on a regular basis as early detection and treatment can prevent loss of vision
- Get eye examinations done regularly, at least on an annual basis
Take The Test
Regular eye tests are extremely important when you are suffering from diabetes. When you go in for your eye examination, remember to inform your ophthalmologist about your condition. At Leightons Opticians and Hearing Care we carry out a complete lifestyle evaluation before proceeding with the eye examination. Based on the eye test, we will guide you on how to care for your eyes, what preventive action to take and prescribe any eye drops if required. If you’re already suffering from diabetic retinopathy, or any other eye condition related to diabetes, we will advise you on the corrective measures you need to take to maintain your eye health. So don’t delay getting your eyes checked. You can book an appointment online with Leightons Opticians and Hearing Care. Or drop in at one of our branches or call us on 0800 40 20 20 and we will assist you.
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