Here are 3 therapies to treat tinnitus
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
CBT aims to identify the learned behaviours and thoughts you have about your condition, and to teach you how to ‘install’ new ways of relating to tinnitus. Frustration, depression, fear and anxiety are as much a part of tinnitus as the auditory sensations themselves. These feelings are valid responses and CBT will teach you coping strategies that prevent these feelings becoming predominant or overbearing.
Sound Enrichment Therapy
Because tinnitus is most noticeable in quiet environments, you may have difficulty falling asleep when bombarded by the unremitting ringing. This is one of the most frustrating aspects of the condition, and can lead to fatigue and anxiety. Many people find it easier to deal with tinnitus when they have a low-level background noise to mask its symptoms, such as a radio left on by the bedside or a sound generator (such as the Oasis [link to online shop]). Sound therapy is the simple practice of playing relaxing and repetitive audio, such as the sound of breaking waves or soothing call of dolphins. Other sound enrichment can come from the use of maskers worn on your ears like hearing devices. These also work by giving your ears and brain an external sound to concentrate on so that it can ignore the internal sounds of tinnitus.
Tinnitus Retraining Therapy
This is the combination of sound enrichment therapy with a talking therapy like counselling or CBT. This is an effective way to tackle more bothersome tinnitus. It gives both a solution to concentrate on more interesting external sounds, and the counselling enables a greater understanding of the effects of the condition on your life, and your relationship to it.